The primary aim of the Security Council is the maintenance of peace internationally, through solving the global issues that threaten it and by developing diplomatic relations between nations. It has 15 members altogether, with 5 permanent members that includes the People's Republic of China, the French Republic, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and the United States of America. Through its jurisdiction, the Security Council is able to dispatch military observers or peacekeeping forces, implement economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial penalties or restrictions, and travel bans all in the hopes for maintaining the balance of powers worldwide. In severe cases diplomatic relations could be broken, countries blockaded or member nations could decide to take a collective military action against one another.
Furthermore, it is the only body of the United Nations with the authority to issue binding resolutions to its member states. Thus, debate in the Security Council is quick, decisive and very exciting. Delegates need to be thoroughly aware of their countries' policy and be prepared for a challenging dispute.
Issues of 2023:
You can access the Issue Descriptions of each topic by clicking on the titles in blue.