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SECURITY COUNCIL


The primary aim of the Security Council is the maintenance of peace internationally, through solving the global issues that threaten it and by developing diplomatic relations between nations. It has 15 members altogether, with 5 permanent members that includes the People's Republic of China, the French Republic, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain, and the United States of America. Through its jurisdiction, the Security Council is able to dispatch military observers or peacekeeping forces, implement economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial penalties or restrictions, and travel bans all in the hopes for maintaining the balance of powers worldwide. In severe cases diplomatic relations could be broken, countries blockaded or member nations could decide to take a collective military action against one another.

Furthermore, it is the only body of the United Nations with the authority to issue binding resolutions to its member states. Thus, debate in the Security Council is quick, decisive and very exciting. Delegates need to be thoroughly aware of their countries' policy and be prepared for a challenging dispute.


ISSUES


 

International Maritime Security is under a great uncertainty due to issues such as terrorism, trafficking, arms deals, the lack of environmental protection and migration. At its forefront, however, is the issue of piracy which amalgamates all these issues, exploits the vulnerabilities of the local population and costs the world shipping industry and governments as much as 7 billion dollars yearly. It is a global problem, yet the worst affected areas are the Indian Ocean, East Africa, the Far East including the South China Sea, South America and the Caribbean. Hence, although this issue is rather broad, it will try to focus on holistically solving these current threats through international cooperation, while also taking into consideration their national implications.


To be announced

 
The second issue of the Security Council is only announced in the last weeks before the conference as it will be about a current and timely problem.

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