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INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION


The International Civil Aviation Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It means that it is an autonomous (having self-government, at least to some degree) organization, but has a relationship with the United Nations through negotiated agreements. Similarly to other specialized agencies, ICAO sets standards and guidelines, provides technical assistance and practical help. ICAO has been working since 1944 with 192 of the 193 Member States in order to make aviation not only safe, efficient and secure, but also economically sustainable and environmentally responsible. In modern days the last two aspects are becoming more important than ever and novel solutions are required in order to be achieved.

This committee is recommended for delegates who are interested in aviation and by the time of the conference they are familiar with the most important terms (jargon), conventions and regulations of this field. This should be paired with fresh and creative ideas connected to the issues. However, please bear in mind to be realistic with the suggestions, since ICAO aims to solve real-life problems in the present, with a prosperous foresight for the future.


ISSUES


Safety has never been more important in the aviation industry than today. But in developing countries all around the world, the safety standards have yet to be reformed. In these countries there is a growing demand for flying, but safety measurements have not followed this increasing interest in aviation. Many news reports can be heard about incidens that are caused by the lack of proper infrastructure or the unqualified staff. There is much more to it and we are just scratching the surface of problems. However, we can introduce measures to ensure the safety of modern air travel in these developing countries.


In order to achieve our ambitious climate goals, we need to rethink almost every aspect of our life. The aviation industry is not an exception. ICAO estimates that by 2050 the number of passengers will increase by 300-700% and just by now it is responsible for 3% of Europe’s greenhouse gases. This the reason why we have to address this problem as soon as possible so that it does not hold us back from reaching carbon neutrality. Fortunately, there are a lot of different ways for reducing emissions, such as restricting trips by planes, producing fuel in a more environmental friendly way or developing aircrafts using alternative energy sources.


 

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