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HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL


The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations. The Council was created by the UN General Assembly and replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights, in 2006. The Council consists of 47 United Nations Member States and their sessions take place at the UN Office at Geneva.

The Council is responsible for the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and making recommendations on them.

The Human Rights Council’s subsidiary bodies help to guide its work and set up its procedures and mechanisms. For instance, the Universal Periodic Review mechanism serves to assess the human rights situations in all Member States, the Advisory Committee provides expertise and advice on HRC issues and the Complaint Procedure allows individuals and organizations to bring human rights violations to the attention of the Council.

The Human Rights Council of KarMUN Conference is recommended for delegates, who are interested in human rights issues and in ensuring universal human rights around the globe. The debates usually cover issues about education, gender rights and healthcare, which are included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.


ISSUES


Human trafficking involves the trade of persons through coercion and their commercial exploitation, therefore it’s a human rights violation. In the Central African region, the number of refugees is constantly growing and many of them become victims of human trafficking. People are mostly trafficked for the purpose of sexual slavery, unlawful conscription and forced labour in agriculture, street vending and diamond mines. Trafficking of persons mainly affect children and females, although there are plenty of cases when males are exploited. Victims originate from Central Africa, for instance Congo, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, Central African Republic and they are transported throughout lots of European and Asian countries. Thus, the trafficking of persons in this region is a global problem, affecting millions of people.


 
Uyghurs (alternately Uygurs, Uighurs or Uigurs) are a Turkic-speaking, Muslim ethnic group in central Asia, whose largest population lives in Xinjiang region of China. In said region the Uyghurs have autonomy and self-governance, however similar to Tibet, Xinjiang is a tightly controlled area of China. In recent years the Chinese government employed sophisticated surveillance technologies in the region and there had been a surge in police numbers. Muslim minorities are being abruptly arrested and imprisoned for crimes such as refusing to watch Chinese television. It’s estimated around one million Uyghurs have been detained in what the government calls “vocational training centres” or “re-education centres”. Inside these detention camps there had been growing evidence of human rights violations, as well as reports deaths in custody and forced labour.

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