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UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME


 The United Nations Environment Programme is currently the leading environmental authority of our world. It sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system, and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment. The UNEP categorizes their work into seven broad thematic areas: climate change, disasters and conflicts, ecosystem management, environmental governance, chemicals and waste, resource efficiency, and environment under review. We recommend joining this committee if you are interested in these areas and seek sustainability in resolving today’s crucial environmental issues. The delegates applying should see the encouragement of partnership in caring for the environment and daring to take action as their mission during the conference. 


ISSUES


Reducing the effects of desertification

Desertification is a process when fertile land turns into a desert. The issue of desertification has been around for a long period of time but it is getting more and more serious mainly because of human activities. One of the main causes of desertification is overgrazing which occurs when intensive grazing happens continually. Other factors that cause desertification include urbanization, climate change, deforestation and natural disasters. 

This is a severe problem mainly because it can result in the destruction of ecosystems. This can contribute to the end of natural filtration of water for drinking, climate regulation, recycling of nutrients and carbon sequestration. The agriculture in countries affected by this issue will also change for the worst.

This issue affects several areas such as the Sahel region in Africa, the Gobi desert and South America. Drylands take up approximately 40% of the Earth’s land area and almost 20% of these drylands have been degraded. All in all desertification is a serious issue that can destroy natural ecosystems and it is clearly important to reduce its effects.


Wildlife trafficking, the illegal cross-border trade of animals and plants, is an issue with increasing significance. Not only does it threaten species and ecosystems, but it affects the livelihoods of local communities and compromises efforts towards poverty eradication and the achievement of sustainable development. The high global demand for illegal wildlife products in conjunction with the comparatively lower levels of awareness and lower risks cause wildlife trafficking to be a lucrative business for organized crime networks. Large-scale wildlife trafficking can even endanger the economic stability and security of an area. International cooperation and initiative are essential to stop illicit trafficking in wildlife and build a more sustainable future in balance with the environment.

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