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ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL


One of the six principal organs of the United Nations, established by the UN Charter in 1945, the Economic and Social Council, as its name suggests, focuses on dealing with economic, social and environmental issues. The Council is the UN’s centre of coordination, policy review, policy dialogue, and recommendations on issues in the economic, social, cultural, educational, medicinal, environmental and all other related fields, as well as the implementation of globally agreed development goals. Ever since its establishment, it has been ceaselessly promoting respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction.

The Council consists of 54 Member States with 18 countries being elected each year by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. The steps they may take to ensure sustainable development are making or initiating studies and reports on the current topics, and making suggestions to the General Assembly, the Member States, and specialized agencies.

Issues discussed in the past few years include the situation of and assistance to Palestinian women, addressing inequalities and challenges to social inclusion through fiscal, wage and social protection policies, education for justice and the rule of law in the context of sustainable development and Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS.

The ECOSOC is the perfect council for people who would like to share their innovative ideas and engage in thought-provoking debates in order to further advance all dimensions of sustainable development.


ISSUES


Since the entering into force of the Paris Agreement in 2015, there has been a shine of hope that climate change can be kept within boundaries and the tremendous dangers it poses could be avoided. Today, it does not seem that realistic anymore. But what effect will the climate crisis have on the world and national economies?

Natural disasters and the rise of sea levels are endangering critical infrastructures and homes of many. Unemployment and migration may significantly increase, and the deteriorating environment brings new diseases and higher mortality. Crashing companies and markets, price volatility and increase, and general uncertainty in the world economy may result in a total economic crisis. However, there might also be opportunities in change, including new sectors and markets emerging, innovation, new shipping lines through the melting Arctic, and many more.

Multilateral discussion is needed now more than ever. Member States should take the leading role to assess and tackle the dangers, and to maximize the economic benefits of the climate crisis by joint effort within the framework of the Economic and Social Council.


 
Overpopulation is an undesirable condition where the number of people living on Earth exceeds the carrying capacity of the planet. Growing advances in technology have affected mankind in many ways. Especially the three demographical turning points, the agricultural revolution, the industrial revolution and wiping out and/or controlling major diseases since the 20th century in the developed world. As a result of these, the infant mortality rate and the death rate decreased significantly. After the industrial revolution, a population explosion could be observed in Europe and after World War II in LEDCs as well. Despite a great decrease in the birth rate since then, the population is still increasing and is estimated to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. The UN with the help of major NGOs has already acted in the matter. However, in order to tackle the effects of overpopulation, we always need new ideas. We hope that you will find this topic intriguing and will contribute to solving one of today’s most important issues.

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