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 DISARMAMENT AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY COMMITTEE


The Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) is the First Committe of the United Nations General Assembly. The committee deals with disarmament, and threats to peace and security. Most of the topics that are discussed in the DISEC are connected to national, regional or global security, biological, chemical, nuclear and technological weapons or arms trade. In this committee topics such as the issue of global small arms trade, drug trafficking or the question of Iran’s right to nuclear power can be discussed. In 1945 the DISEC was created as one of the six main committees of the UN General Assembly after the events in Hiroshima and Nagasaki thus the first topic to be discussed was the establishment of a commission to deal with the problems raised by the discovery of atomic energy. There are currently 193 member states in the Disarmament and International Security Committee, of which approximately two-thirds are developing countries. In conclusion, the committee's main purpose is to maintain international peace and to seek out solutions to the challanges in any security regime. This committee is suggested for anyone who finds these topics intriguing, is concerned about the issue of different ongoing armed conflicts or would be interested in learning more about the promotion, establishment, and subsequent maintenance of global peace.


ISSUES


 

In the last two decades, the world’s infrastructure has undergone a fundamental set of changes, relying increasingly on computers, electronic data storage and transfers, and highly integrated information and communications networks. This rapidly developing new form of critical infrastructure is exceedingly vulnerable to the emerging threat of terrorism. If powerful and advanced information and communications technologies fall in the wrong hands, terrorists may be armed with digital weapons capable of crippling entire infrastructures and rendering nation’s impotent. Ensuring strong rules of engagement and effective action in the near future regarding the exploitation of information and communications technologies (ICT) for terrorist purposes will be critical for maintaining security and global stability.


 

The illegal trafficking in small arms and light weapons in Africa and elsewhere is invisible, amorphous and complex. It is also a multinational industry with illegal arms coming from almost every major arms manufacturing country in the world. Small Arms Survey places the dollar value of illegally selling small arms at US$ 1 billion, or 10-20 percent of global trade. The illegal nature of this activity makes it impossible to confirm such figures, but what is clear is that there are many levels of counter-developmental illicit trade in small arms in Africa. The latest report on the illicit trade of small arms across the continent highlights the scale of the issue. Illegal weapons continue to fuel various disputes, as the AU is pushing for a truce by 2020. There has been encouraging progress but still far from enough.


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